Cocaine is a very addictive drug, but crack is another form of the drug that’s even more addictive. Crack is cocaine that’s processed with ammonia or baking soda and formed into a potent, smokable rock. This is the strongest form of cocaine that people abuse. Those who become dependent on the drug need crack cocaine rehab treatment to recover.
How Crack Cocaine Affects the Brain
Cocaine is a stimulant that affects the central nervous system. The crack form of it has a more substantial effect. It spurs the production of too much dopamine in the brain. This is the neurotransmitter that signals movement and pleasure.
Since dopamine is part of the reward center in the brain, the psychological effects of crack are very reinforcing. When you use the drug, the brain registers it as a reward. This is why it’s nearly impossible to recover from a crack addiction without crack rehab treatment.
Addiction to and Withdrawal From Crack Cocaine
It doesn’t take long for people to develop an addiction to crack. It’s possible to develop an addiction after smoking just once because of how potent this form of cocaine is. Users also build up a tolerance to the drug quickly, so they need more and more of it to feel the same high.
The high that they get from cocaine doesn’t last very long, usually just 15-45 minutes. Because of this, many users smoke it several times to sustain the effects. However, this makes the addiction develop faster.
Making this worse are the withdrawal symptoms that arise when the high from crack wears off. Some of these symptoms include:
- Intense cravings
People with crack addictions keep using the drug to avoid withdrawal. When ceasing consumption without cocaine rehab treatment, they could overdose while trying to get a fix to stop these symptoms.
Short-Term Effects of Crack Cocaine Addiction
Since crack is the strongest form of cocaine, it comes with the highest health risks. Smoking it simply makes these risks worse, because this is the fastest way for it to reach the brain. It also makes addiction develop quicker than snorting.
People who use crack start to feel its effects almost immediately after they inhale the vapors. They often want more after the initial rush, which is how they become addicted with their first use. Along with intense cravings and euphoria, crack dilates the pupils. Other short-term health risks that the drug causes include:
- Constricted blood vessels
- Decreased appetite
- Fast breathing and heart rate
- High blood pressure
The content of crack is never certain. This make it hard to predict the effects between batches.
Crack Rehab Treatment May Reduce the Long-Term Effects
Prolonged and regular use of crack can cause more severe, long-term effects. Some of these include:
- Brain seizures
- Heart attack and stroke
- Heart disease
- Respiratory failure
- Severe depression
- Sexual dysfunction and infertility
- Sudden death
Getting rehab treatment as soon as possible could reduce the severity of some of these side effects. Those who get help before these signs develop may avoid them altogether.
Signs That Someone Needs Crack Cocaine Rehab Treatment
If you or a loved one is using crack cocaine, you should seek help if the drug interferes with relationships and work performance. You also need treatment if you always think about crack and compulsively seek it out. If you need a higher dose and start feeling withdrawal symptoms, these are also signs that you need rehab. Listen to loved ones who express worry and want you to get treatment.
Pinnacle Peak Recovery Understands Crack Cocaine Addiction
Crack cocaine rehab treatment can help you or a loved one overcome addiction. Pinnacle Peak Recovery in Scottsdale, Arizona, provides all of the resources that you need to regain control of your life. From primary care to sober living, the programs and therapies at Pinnacle Peak Recovery address the cause of crack addiction. Other addictions that Pinnacle Peak Recovery treats are
- Prescription opiates
Don’t wait any longer to get help for crack addiction. You can beat the addiction and live a healthy, sober life with the help of Pinnacle Peak Recovery. Contact 866-954-0524 today to start your journey to recovery.